Drug Discov Ther. 2010;4(2):129-134.
Effects of the herbal medicine Hachimi-jio-gan (Ba-Wei-Di-Huang-Wan) on insulin secretion and glucose tolerance in type 2 diabetic Goto-Kakizaki rats.
Hirotani Y, Ikeda K, Myotoku M
Hachimi-jio-gan (HJ) is a Chinese medicine that has been widely used for the treatment of nephrotic syndromes, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus. We reported that HJ lowers plasma glucose in type 1 diabetic rats. We investigated the effects of HJ on diabetic hyperglycemia and insulin secretion in type 2 diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats. Eight-week-old diabetic GK rats were given free access to pellets containing 1% HJ extract powder for 14 weeks. HJ consumption increased the food intake and body weight of these rats in comparison to control rats. HJ may control the body weight loss observed in GK rats. HJ also reduced hyperglycemia in diabetic GK rats, and it significantly increased insulin secretion in non-fasting GK rats over the experimental period. In oral glucose tolerance tests, HJ significantly improved the insulin response at 30 min and reduced the plasma glucose level at 60 min after glucose administration (p < 0.05). Ten weeks after administration, the plasma leptin levels significantly increased in the HJ group rats. These results demonstrate that in diabetic GK rats, HJ decreased the level of postprandial glucose via enhanced insulin secretion coupled with the regulation of food intake by leptin.