Drug Discov Ther. 2024;18(1):10-15. (DOI: 10.5582/ddt.2023.01102)

Usefulness of a new immunochromatographic assay using fluorescent silica nanoparticles for serodiagnosis of Thai patients with amebiasis

Kakino A, Pattanawong U, Kuamsab N, Imai T, Putaporntip C, Asai S, Cheng X, Jongwutiwes S, Tachibana H


A fluorescence immunochromatography (FIC) kit was developed recently using fluorescent silica nanoparticles coated with a recombinant C-terminal fragment of the surface lectin intermediate subunit (C-Igl) of Entamoeba histolytica to establish rapid serodiagnosis of amebiasis. We further evaluated the system using serum samples from 52 Thai patients with amebiasis. Of the patients, 50 (96%) tested positive using FIC. The samples were also tested using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) with C-Igl as the antigen. Two samples were negative on ELISA but positive on FIC. The correlation coefficient between the fluorescence intensity using FIC and the optical density value using ELISA was 0.5390, indicating a moderate correlation between the two tests. Serum samples from 20 patients with malaria and 22 patients with Clostridioides difficile infection were also tested using FIC. The false-positive rates were 4/20 (20%) and 1/22 (4%) in patients with malaria and C. difficile infection, respectively. Combining the data from the present study with our previous study, the sensitivity and specificity of FIC were determined to be 98.5% and 95.2%, respectively. The results of the 50 samples were studied using a fluorescence scope and a fluorescence intensity reader, and the findings were compared. Disagreements were found in only two samples showing near-borderline fluorescence intensity, indicating that the use of scope was adequate for judging the results. These results demonstrate that FIC is a simple and rapid test for the serodiagnosis of amebiasis.

KEYWORDS: laboratory diagnosis, Entamoeba histolytica, lectin intermediate subunit, fluorescence immunochromatography

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