Drug Discov Ther. 2023;17(2):134-138. (DOI: 10.5582/ddt.2022.01106)
Examination of the utility of the COVID-19 detection kit, TRC Ready® SARS-CoV-2 i for nasopharyngeal swabs
Ishii S, Kimura M, Miyoshi-Akiyama T, Moriya A, Kurokawa M, Isaka E, Terada-Hirashima J, Takasaki J, Izumi S, Hojo M, Sugiyama H
The reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) offers high sensitivity, but has some drawbacks, such as the time required for the RNA extraction. Transcription reverse-transcription concerted reaction (TRC) Ready® SARS-CoV-2 i is easy to use and can be performed in about 40 minutes. TRC Ready® SARS-CoV-2 i and real-time one-step RT-PCR using the TaqMan probe tests of cryopreserved nasopharyngeal swab samples from patients diagnosed with COVID-19 were compared. The primary objective was to examine the positive and negative concordance rates. A total of 69 samples cryopreserved at -80°C were examined. Of the 37 frozen samples that were expected to be RT-PCR positive, 35 were positive by the RT-PCR method. TRC Ready® SARS-CoV-2 i detected 33 positive cases and 2 negative cases. One frozen sample that was expected to be RT-PCR positive was negative on both TRC Ready® SARS-CoV-2 i and RT-PCR. In addition, one frozen sample that was expected to be RT-PCR positive was positive by the RT-PCR method and negative by TRC Ready® SARS-CoV-2 i. Of the 32 frozen samples that were expected to be RT-PCR negative, both the RTPCR method and TRC Ready® SARS-CoV-2 i yielded negative results for all 32 samples. Compared with RT-PCR, TRC Ready® SARS-CoV-2 i had a positive concordance rate of 94.3% and a negative concordance rate of 97.1%. TRC Ready® SARS-CoV-2 i can be utilized in a wide range of medical sites such as clinics and community hospitals due to its ease of operability, and is expected to be useful in infection control.