Drug Discov Ther. 2022;16(5):251-253. (DOI: 10.5582/ddt.2022.01060)
Percutaneous surgical repair for a patient with adult pararectal hernia caused by intractable ascites associated with liver cirrhosis
Miyagi D, Nakahara O, Ohya Y, Kuramoto K, Tsuji A, Hayashida S, Inoue M, Iizaka M, Sasaki M, Inomata Y
Patients with liver cirrhosis are at increased risk of various visceral hernia because of persistent ascites and tissue fragility. Here we report successful treatment in a patient with pararectal hernia due to liver cirrhosis by a less invasive approach via para-anal region. The patient was a 73-year-old woman with a history of chronic hepatitis B that had been untreated for at least 20 years. At the age of 68 years, she was referred to our hospital for treatment of persistent ascites and thrombocytopenia due to advanced liver cirrhosis. Neither diuretics nor cell-free and concentrated ascites reinfusion therapy could decrease the ascites. She needed repeated paracentesis. She was referred to the surgical department due to the painful swelling of the left buttock which was diagnosed as the pararectal hernia. The welling was huge enough with the erosion of the covering skin. Surgery was planned in view of concern about the possible rupture of the hernia. Due to the massive ascites with the advanced liver cirrhosis, we were reluctant to do the laparotomic approach, and simple closure of the hernial orifice via direct approach from the cutaneous side was planned and performed. The patient was fortunately discharged seven days after the operation without any complications. One year later, there has been no recurrence of the hernia. Even in cases with massive ascites, direct simple closure of the hernia by percutaneous approach may be one of the options for the treatment of the pararectal hernia in case of urgent situation.