Drug Discov Ther. 2019;13(2):80-88. (DOI: 10.5582/ddt.2019.01003)
Paraoxonase 1 gene (Q192R) polymorphism confers susceptibility to coronary artery disease in type 2 diabetes patients: Evidence from case-control studies
Huo XW, Guo Y, Zhang YJ, Li JQ, Wen XL, Liu JJ
Numerous published studies have investigated the relationship between the paraoxonase 1 (PON1) gene Q192R (rs662) polymorphism and the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. However, the results are still conflicting and inconclusive. Potentially eligible articles were searched for in related databases. Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used to estimate the associations. Subgroup analysis was performed based on ethnicity. Ten case-control studies were included. A significant increase in the susceptibility for CAD in T2DM patients was found in the allelic model (OR = 1.49, p < 0.001), homozygote model (OR = 2.47, p < 0.001), heterozygote model (OR = 1.47, p < 0.001), dominant model (OR = 1.64, p < 0.001), and recessive model (OR = 1.74, p = 0.001). In subgroup analysis by ethnicity, a significant increase susceptibility was found in Asian populations in the allelic model (OR = 1.39, p = 0.001), homozygote model (OR = 2.15, p = 0.002), heterozygote model (OR = 1.37, p = 0.006), recessive model (OR = 1.65, p = 0.012), and dominant model (OR = 1.54, p < 0.001). A similar significant increase in susceptibility was found in Caucasian populations in the allelic model (OR = 1.75, p = 0.002), homozygote model (OR = 3.39, p = 0.002), recessive model (OR = 1.98, p = 0.030), heterozygote model (OR = 1.64, p = 0.001), and dominant model (OR = 1.83, p < 0.001). The results suggest that the PON1 Q192R polymorphism is associated with a significantly increased risk of CAD in T2DM patients in both Asian and Caucasian populations.