Drug Discov Ther. 2019;13(2):62-69. (DOI: 10.5582/ddt.2019.01024)
Antifungal activity of polymeric micelles of silver nanoparticles prepared from Psidium guajava aqueous extract.
Suwan T, Khongkhunthian S, Okonogi S
In the present study, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized by green synthesis using Psidium guajava aqueous extract (PE) as a reducing agent and silver nitrate (AgNO3) as a precursor. The obtained AgNPs showed maximum absorbance at 455 nm. The results from energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy demonstrate Ag signal at 88.33% weight. The particle image under scanning electron microscopy is spherical shape. The average size of the freshly prepared AgNPs is 96 Â± 4 nm but is dramatically increases during storage due to particle aggregation. Coating AgNPs with polymeric micelles of poloxamer 407 (F127) at the suitable ratio can decrease the size of the freshly prepared AgNPs to 70.4 Â± 0.8 nm and significantly prevent AgNPs from aggregation. The obtained coated AgNPs showed high effective on inhibition of Candida albicans. Isotonic solutions of 0.9% NaCl and phosphate buffer solution pH 7.4 can cause some extend of aggregation and increase the particle size of the coated AgNPs but the increased size is in the colloidal range that no precipitation occurs during 90 days at room temperature. From our results, it is suggested that the 1:1 ratio of AgNPs/F127 is the most suitable ratio to obtain the AgNPs loaded polymeric micelles with high stability, small particle size, and high inhibitory activity against C. albicans. These AgNPs are the promising antifungal nanomaterials for further study in animal model.