Drug Discov Ther. 2019;13(1):34-37. (DOI: 10.5582/ddt.2019.01006)
Raised neutrophil lymphocyte ratio and serum beta hCG level in early second trimester of pregnancy as predictors for development and severity of preeclampsia.
Panwar M, Kumari A, Anand HP, Arora R, Singh V, Bansiwal R
Early detection and prediction of preeclampsia (PE) may avert serious materno-fetal complications. This prospective nested study was conducted to evaluate the role of serum beta human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in predicting the development and severity of PE. Four hundred and forty primigravidas, between 16 to 18 weeks of gestation, were recruited in the study. Serum beta-hCG and NLR were measured at the time of recruitment and they were followed and monitored for the development of PE and severe PE. Out of these 440 women, 64 (14%) developed PE; of which 25 (39%) developed severe PE. The mean values of NLR and serum beta hCG were significantly higher in patients developing PE and severe PE. NLR, with a cutoff value of 5.6, predicted the development of PE with 73.4% sensitivity and 88.6% specificity and severe PE with sensitivity 93.3% and specificity 86.6% respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of serum beta hCG in predicting the development of PE was 75% each for a cutoff value of 25,415 IU/mL whereas these values were 86.7%, and 79.1% respectively, for a cut-off value of 29,654 IU/mL for predicting the development of severe PE. These findings suggest that NLR and serum beta hCG can be used as excellent biomarkers in predicting both the development of PE and its severity. Multicentric studies involving subjects of multiple ethnicities should be done for establishing its utility as a routine screening test.