Drug Discov Ther. 2017;11(6):349-352. (DOI: 10.5582/ddt.2017.01060)
Breakthrough mucormycosis after voriconazole use in a case of invasive fungal rhinosinusitis due to Curvularia lunata.
Gupta N, Kumar A, Singh G, Ratnakar G, Vinod KS, Wig N
Invasive fungal rhinosinusitis (FRS) is a potentially fatal illness requiring early diagnosis and aggressive treatment with surgery and antifungals. We report a case of chronic FRS in a recently diagnosed diabetic individual due to Curvularia lunata. Imaging revealed extension into the right orbit and right basifrontal lobe. This was further complicated by development of nosocomial mucormycosis which was attributed to voriconazole therapy. The patient responded well to debridement and amphotericin B based therapy. To our knowledge, there are no reported cases of invasive FRS due to Curvularia lunata. Also, breakthrough mucormycosis on voriconazole therapy is rarely seen in non-malignancy, non-transplant settings. The possibility of rare fungal infections (community and nosocomial) should be entertained in developing settings where fungal spores are ubiquitous.