Drug Discov Ther. 2017;11(1):35-40. (DOI: 10.5582/ddt.2016.01075)
Ability of community pharmacists to promote self-care and selfmedication by local residents [I]: Improvements in bone mineral density.
Wada Y, Wada Y, Ennyu S, Shimokawa K, Ishii F
This study was conducted in order to establish a health management method for the elderly in a community through follow-ups of bone mineral density (BMD) measurement results over a 1-year period based on BMD measurements performed by pharmacists and a guidance program. Regarding BMD measurement results, the percent young adult mean (%YAM: mean BMD in healthy persons of the same sex aged between 51 and 82 years old) significantly increased in Period I, during which the intervention by pharmacists was performed (6 months after the start of measurements), but significantly decreased in Period II, during which this intervention was not performed (between 7 and 12 months after the start of measurements). Based on these results, lifestyle improvements were effective in Period I regardless of sex or age; however, it may be important to maintain an improved diet and subject motivation in the future. The results of this study suggest that community pharmacists play an important role in community medicine through positive intervention for local residents' health support.